There are so many great perennial foods to grow that come back every year that can provide your family with food! The best part of planting perennials is that you don’t have to plant them every year, and you don’t have to rely on seed companies in order to put food on your plate.
Which perennials would I include in my garden?
Perennial Foods To Grow That Come Back Every Year
Number one on the list is asparagus! This vegetable is an amazing addition to your garden. It grows well without much intervention, rapidly multiplies, and it comes up early in spring giving you an early food supply!
Asparagus can be planted from seed but doing it that way will mean that you have to wait 3-4 years before you can harvest any asparagus. The way most gardeners plant asparagus is by planting what’s called crowns. Crowns are the roots of the asparagus plant. You can order these from farm stores and most seed companies. They will ship them when it’s a good time to plant them for your area.
You can expect to harvest asparagus when you plant crows the year after you plant. The first year you want the crowns to get well established and form deep roots. Once established, asparagus plants can produce food for your family for 20 years!
Strawberries are a delicious perennial food to grow that just keeps coming back year after year! As with asparagus, the first year you plant your strawberry plants you won’t be able to harvest any. The first year you’ll want to pinch off all of the flowers on the strawberry plants. This is so that your plants put all of their efforts into growing strong roots and not into producing fruits.
Strawberries are prolific procreators. The mother plant will send off runners that you can snap off and replant in the spring for a new row of strawberries the following year! Each year you should be able to double your strawberry patch just by replanting the runners.
Make sure you mulch strawberry plants heavily to avoid having weeds take over. This also prevents the fruits from sitting directly on the soil which would cause them to rot.
The oregano plant is a hearty plant. You only need to plant a small patch of oregano and before you know it you’ll have a huge bushy mound of oregano in your garden. I like to plan on having enough to eat fresh and enough to dry for the winter months.
Oregano is easy to start from seed. Start your oregano seeds 12 weeks before your last frost date to give them a good head start before planting them in your garden.
Rhubarb is an old-time favourite. I’m sure you’ve found a huge rhubarb plant or two in your grandmother’s garden. It has a tart flavor that can add some amazing flavour depth to jams and pies. To get a rhubarb plant of your own all you have to do is ask your neighbours. One of them is bound to have a big rhubarb plant that they could divide and give you some. You can also find rhubarb plants in farm stores if you can’t find anyone willing to part with any.
Sunchokes (Jerusalem Artichokes)
You’ll never have to replant Sunchokes! Jerusalem Artichokes, as they’re formally known, are a very prolific rhizome that won’t disappoint. The flavour of a Sunchoke is similar to a potato but contains loads more fiber! When in full bloom Sunchokes can reach heights of 10′ and have the most beautiful large yellow flowers.
They make a great addition to a corner of the garden that you don’t have any plans for. Just divide the roots of the plant and replant it where you’d like your crop to be.
There are so many varieties of berry bushes that you can plant! Raspberries and blackberries are the easiest to grow, they can actually become a nuisance if you’re not careful! They’re easy to find, as well! Blueberries, elderberries, gooseberries, and cranberries are other varieties you can plant. They require a bit more tender love initially, but once they get established they will provide yummy food for your family for years to come!
I love that this list of perennial foods will provide your family with food to eat for years to come without any added investment! You can even incorporate these plants into your decorative garden beds since they’re so esthetically pleasing!
If you’d like to know which foods you can grow early in the season for a quick harvest check out this post!